Kuwait offers the most emancipated women in all of the Middle East. It wasn't 2014 Kuwait became ranked number one among Arab countries inside of the global gender gap report. Today Kuwait has the highest rate of female labor participation in local labor. By 2013 53% of women in Kuwait actually participated within the labor force. The labor force ranking for women is higher than the average in the Middle East.
Today Kuwait has ranked higher than most Arab countries in terms of gender equality. Women within Kuwait have experienced multiple changes after the discovery of oil. In the 1950s women enjoyed access to education and employment at the dramatic rate. Today women in Kuwait act as judges, Royal guards, immigration officers, Special Forces officers, police officers, ministers, and members of Parliament. Kuwaiti women actually play a prominent role in resisting the Iraqi invasion. Since the 1960s women in Kuwait have enjoyed a history of official political involvement and social activism which remains prevalent today.
In the 17 century Kuwait depended on maritime trade. This was true until the 1950s when oil was discovered. While the men were at sea, women were responsible for managing the home, controlling the family affairs, and handling finances. Families who could afford it had a house built with a courtyard and a Harem where the women could spend most of their time. Upper-class women participated in the public sphere but only on a limited basis. It was in 1916 at the first religious school was established in Kuwait whereby Kuwaiti girls started to learn the scripture. Women of modest means were able to work as instructors in the religious sector. In 1926 the first private school was opened and it taught women how to read, how to write, and how to embroider. Public schooling started in 1937 and by 1940 many young females in Kuwait had enrolled in primary school. Women pushed for educational advances and in 1956 if you women protested their right to go abroad. Today Kuwaiti women participate in the labor force at a rate much higher than those countries around them. Women's suffrage was campaigned in 1971 and finally accepted in the 1990s. It was into thousand and five that women were first able to vote. Four years after giving this right, women were given full political rights for the first time. Today women remain active in politics, organizations, and the arts.
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